解離の概論および治療 ②、Toward the theory of “Dissociation with capital D” ⑪




Toward the theory of Dissociation with capital D ⑪

Freud indicated to Ferenczi that he is now making mistake that Freud himself made in 1890s. Soon after, Ferenzci’s physical condition quickly deteriorated due to pernicious anemia, but analytical community assumed that Ferenczi suffered from paranoia due to neurological complication of the blood disease.
It is to note that “Confusion of Tangues” dealt with the issue of dissociation in a way  that Freud would never approve of. Ferenczi seems to acknowledge the phenomenon of dissociation in a way that Freud never wanted to approve of as he loathed the notion of “hypnoid phenomenon” brought forward by Breuer. The following passage if Frenzci’s paper contains that passage which indicates that the author believed in the dissociative process in the sense that van der Hart would classify as (2) type. (underline added by Okano).     
After that the patient started to do everything she was asked to do. We talk a good deal in analysis of regressions into the infantile, but we do not really believe to what great extent we are right; we talk a lot about the splitting of the personality, but do not seem sufficiently to appreciate the depth of these splits. If we keep up our cool, educational attitude even vis-à-vis an opisthotonic patient, we tear to shreds the last thread that connects him to us. The patient gone off into his trance is a child indeed who no longer reacts to intellectual explanations, only perhaps to maternal friendliness; without it he feels lonely and abandoned in his greatest need, i.e. in the same unbearable situation which at one time led to a splitting of his mind and eventually to his illness; thus it is no wonder that the patient cannot but repeat now the symptom-formation exactly as he did at the time when his illness started.(p227). Sándor Ferenczi , 1949;Confusion of the Tongues Between the Adults and the Child—(The Language of Tenderness and of Passion).International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 30:225-230.